膠州三里河公園中央商務區段1標段 / LDG蘭斯凱普

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来自 LDG兰斯凯普 对gooood的分享。更多请至:LDG on gooood
Appreciation towards LDG for providing the following description:

 

前言
Foreword

方案为胶州三里河下游(中央商务区段)构想了一个充满活力的二十一世纪新城,这个新城密集紧凑,丰富多样,遵循可持续的原则,并环抱着这个城市最重要的资源之一——水。对于北方城市水资源的利用显得尤为重要,三里河也面临同样的问题,季节性的水纹特性,景观设计如何做到保水、蓄水、净水、用水是至关重要的突破方向。

The program envisions a vibrant 21st Century New City in the lower reaches (the Central Business District) of the Sanli River in Jiaozhou, which is compact, diverse, sustainable, and embraces one of the city’s most important resources – water. In the northern cities, the use of water resources is particularly important, and Sanli River is no exception. According to the seasonal water features, how to achieve water preservation, storage, purification, and use for landscape design is a crucial breakthrough direction.

▼公园鸟瞰图,Bird’s eye view of the park

▼公园咖啡厅鸟瞰图,Bird’s eye view of the park café

▼公园局部鸟瞰图-浮边水岸效果,Bird’s-eye view of part of the park – effect of floating water bank

三里河下游河道是胶州市东部中央商务区的重要组成部分,由于三里河河道日益淤积己影响到防洪、排涝、景观等各项功能的正常发挥,根据市委市政府的安排部署,由市建设局牵头实施三里河下游河道治理,恢复河道正常功能,建造良好的三里河下游景观环境,促进东部中央商务区快速持续发展。

The downstream channel of the Sanli River is an important part of the central business district in the eastern part of Jiaozhou City, but the increasing siltation of the river channel has affected the functions of flood control, drainage, landscape and other functions. Under the arrangement and deployment of the municipal party committee and the municipal government, he Municipal Construction Bureau took the lead in implementing the governance of the lower reaches of the Sanli River to restore the normal functions of the river and construct a good landscape environment in the lower reaches of the Sanli River, thus promoting the rapid and sustainable development of the eastern central business district.

▼方案总平面规划图,General plan of the scheme

 

区位 | Location

项目位于胶州市新城区的核心区,北靠上海路,南靠青岛路,西至温州路,东至站前大道,下游治理段全长3公里,公园规划面积达60公顷,分两期建设,一期建设面积为25公顷。河道的治导线宽为50米,河岸南北两岸绿地最宽处为200米,最窄处仅25米不到。三里河承载着胶州璀璨的历史文化,是这座城市精神文明的寄托与对外展示的重要窗口。

The project is located in the core area of new district of Jiaozhou city, adjacent to Shanghai Road in the north, Qingdao Road in the south, Wenzhou Road in the west and Zhanqian Avenue in the east. The downstream governing section has a total length of 3 km, the park covers a planned area of 60 hectares, which is divided into two phases and the phase I is 25 hectares. The river’s governing guide line is 50 meters in width, and the green space of the river’s north and south banks is 200 meters in the widest part and 25 meters in the narrowest part. Sanli River carries the history and culture of Jiaozhou, and is an important window for the spiritual civilization of this city to be relied on and displayed to the outside world.

▼胶州三里河区位,Location of Sanlihe River in Jiaozhou

▼胶州三里河区位水系关系,Water system relationship of Sanlihe District in Jiaozhou

 

现状与问题
Current situation and problems

 

水资源现状 | Current situation of water situation

河道宽度均衡,无大面积开阔水域,缺少核心界面,难以表达城市CBD在社会发展中的突出地位,相对来说略显单调,景观附加值不够丰富。局部河段河床裸露,淤泥堆积,垃圾阻塞。

The river channel has a balanced width, no large open water area, lack of core interface, so it is difficult to highlight the prominent position of the city CBD in social development, making it relatively monotonous and the landscape added value not abundant enough; the problem with local river sections is that the riverbed is bare, the mud is piled up, and the garbage is blocked.

▼公园局部鸟瞰图,与老公园无缝衔接,Partial bird’s eye view of the park – seamless connection with the old park

▼多功能的市民广场鸟瞰,Bird’s eye view of the multi functional public square

 

驳岸现状 | Current situation of revetment

与中游段相接处已筑有一道橡皮坝,坝体两端驳岸为钢筋混凝土驳岸,垂直刚性驳岸很不生态,其余部分均为土堤形式,落差在2-3米,形式较为单一。区域内还夹杂着周边区域的泄洪沟或水泥涵洞。均显破败亟待整治。

A rubber dam has been built at the junction with the middle reaches, and both ends of the dam are reinforced concrete revetments, which is not ecological, and the rest part is earth dike with a drop height of 2-3 meters and single form. This are also contains flood discharge trench and cement culvert of the surrounding area, which are all broken and need to be rectified.

▼多级平台构成的功能的市民广场鸟瞰图,Bird’s eye view of the functional public square composed of multi-level platform

▼多功能的市民广场与曲线型草台阶组成的创意边界鸟瞰图,Bird’s eye view of the Creative boundary composed of multi-functional public square and curvilinear grass steps

▼草台阶局部鸟瞰,Aerial view of grass steps

▼草台阶与主园路交织关系局部鸟瞰,Interwoven relationship between grass steps and Main Garden Road

 

土地现状 | Current situation of land

基地现状地势较为平坦,便于理水塑形。基地内多为原住民的菜地,有些菜地早已没了人耕种,杂草丛生。规划地块南北向贴合城市的主要规划道路干线,道路外是住宅与商业开发地块,及未来CBD核心区,公园与开发地块的孪生关系是设计的重点,公园的休闲配套如何服务于民,生态基质如何最大化的涵养整个区块的发展。这都是要着重思考的问题。

The terrain of the base is relatively flat, easy for water layout and shaping. The base is mostly the vegetable land of original inhabitants, and most of land has long been abandoned for a long time, overgrown with weeds. The planned land fit the main planned roads in the north-south direction, with the residential and commercial development land and future CBD outside the roads. The twin relationship between the park and the development land is the focus of the design. How the recreation facilities of the park serve the people, and how the ecological matrix maximumlly nourish the development of the entire area, are all important issues to be considered.

▼公园局部鸟瞰,Part of the park

▼创意栈道与雨水花园的重叠关系,Overlapping relationship between creative plank road and rainwater garden

▼充满生机的公园主园路,The main road of the park full of vitality

 

措施与方法 | Measures and methods

三里河中段是为行政中心服务的,在新世纪到来之际,为新城形象打开了新的局面。而三里河下游是服务于商务中心,更具备开放性、活跃性、生态性,更突出市民群众的参与性。是都市、地标、亲水、健康、可持续发展的综合体,也是缝合城市的生态、经济、文化的纽带。从景观愿景的角度出发,胶州市中央商务区需要深化自身的结构,未来参照的不是“北上广”这种伴随着“城市病”的鳞次栉比的建筑群,而是借助滨水环境,打造充满人文情怀和城市活力的梦想之所。

▼滨水地的建设开发,Construction and development of Waterfront

▼亲水平台分布,Hydrophilic platform distribution

The middle section of Sanli River serves the administrative center and opens up a new situation for the image of the new city on the occasion of the new century. The lower reaches of the Sanli River serves the business center, is more open, active and ecological, and highlights the participation of citizens, which is a complex of city, landmark, water conservation, health and sustainable development, and also a link that stitches together the ecology, economy and culture of the city. From the perspective of landscape vision, the Central Business District in Jiaozhou needs to deepen its own structure, not to refer to the row upon row buildings in “Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou” with the “urban disease”, but to create a place of dreams full of humanistic feelings and urban vitality in virtue of the waterfront environment.

▼公园局部鸟瞰图,Partial bird’s-eye view of the park

▼公共座椅镶嵌绿化的广场,Public seat inlaid Green Square

▼多功能的市民广场局部鸟瞰图,Partial bird’s-eye view of the multi functional public square

 

五大措施构建活力滨水景观空间
To build a vibrant waterfront landscape space with five measures

 

多重手段构建“城市海绵” | To build “urban sponge” with multiple means

城市雨洪一直深刻影响着我们城市居民的生活,项目深入研究海绵城市的生态理念,从多个维度立体化的落实这一目标。多重手段将整个项目构建成一块生态有机的城市海绵。海绵城市是新一代城市雨洪管理概念,是指城市在适应环境变化和应对雨水带来的自然灾害等方面具有良好的“弹性”,也可称之为“水弹性城市”。国际通用术语为“低影响开发雨水系统构建”。下雨时吸水、蓄水、渗水、需要时将续存的水“释放”或加以利用。

▼海绵城市系统示意图动图,Sponge city system gif diagram

Based on the problem that urban rainfall flood has been profoundly affecting the lives of our urban residents, the project has deeply studied the ecological concept of the sponge city and implemented this goal from multiply dimensions. The whole project will be constructed as an ecological and organic urban sponge by multiple means. Sponge City is the concept of a new urban rainfall management, which means that the city has a good “elasticity” in adapting to environmental changes and responding to natural disasters caused by rain , and also can be called “hydroelastic city”, the “Construction of Low Impact Development rain System” in international general terms. When it rains, it can absorb, store, and seep water, and when necessary, it can “release” or utilize the reserved water.

▼水湾望向周边社区重叠关系,Overlapping relationship of water bay to surrounding communities

▼创意木栈道悬挑与水面之上,The overhanging of creative wooden plank road and above the water

▼水湾,Water bay

▼创意木栈道,Creative wooden plank road

▼创意木栈道细部,Creative wooden plank road details

生态旱溪:多层次,多序列的打造有机系统的生态旱溪,采用回收利用的石材边角碎料,打造旱溪的视觉肌理;有效的收集道路、场地、绿坡多余的雨水,不仅可以起到有效的过滤的效果,同时增强了景观的线面层次。

Ecological dry stream: To build an ecological dry stream with an organic system in multi-layer and multi-sequence, use recycled stone corner scraps to create the visual texture of the dry stream, and effectively collect redundant water on roads, venues, and green slopes, all of which can not only play an effective filtering role, but also enhance the line levels of the landscape.

▼多层次,多序列的打造有机系统的生态旱溪,build an ecological dry stream with an organic system in multi-layer and multi-sequence

▼采用回收利用的石材边角碎料,打造旱溪的视觉肌理,use recycled stone corner scraps to create the visual texture of the dry stream

雨水花园:结合胶州市的降雨环境等因素以及三里河公园下游段的区位关系综合考虑。在设计绿地竖向关系时有意识的结合从公路到水岸边的退进节奏,逐渐向水岸边降低标高,构建多个可消减雨洪的雨水花园。再通过雨水花园种植乔灌、花草,形成小型雨水滞留入渗设施,用于收集道路场地的雨水,利用土壤和植物的过滤作用净化雨水,形成收集(含分流)、过滤、储存和释放(利用)为一体的低影响开发雨水系统。

Rain garden: To comprehensively consider the design combined with the factors such as rainfall environment in Jiaozhou city and the location relationship of the lower reaches of Sanli River Park. When designing the vertical relationship of green space, it consciously combine the rhythm of the distance from the road to the water bank, and gradually lower the elevation to the water bank to build a rain garden that can reduce the rain and flood; then, to plant trees, shrubs, flowers and grass to form a small rainwater retention infiltration facility for collecting rainwater from the road, and use the filtration of soil and plants to purify the rainwater to form a low-impact rainwater development system integrating collection (including diversion), filtration, storage and release (utilization).

▼雨水花园与栈道叠合,Rainwater garden and plank road overlap

▼有鸟儿停靠的木栈道挑台。a wooden plank road with birds docked

植草沟:植草沟是公园将场地排水、地表汇水、土壤过滤和渗透、植物栽植整合为一个整体的关键。种植可过水的草本植物,作为下凹绿地,公园植草沟本身可以储存一部分雨水(约500 M³),可以起到慢排缓释的功效。另一方面,强暴雨时植草沟溢流雨水进入雨水花园,多出来的雨水再进入河床。

Plant ditch: Plant ditch is the key for the park to integrate site drainage, surface catchment, soil filtration and infiltration, and planting as a whole. It can store a part of rainwater (about 500 M3) by planting water-permeable herbs as a recessed green space, which can can slow drainage and release. In addition, when heavy rain occurs, the plant ditch can prevent rain from flooding into the rain garden and send the extra rain to the riverbed.

▼生态植草沟,Ecological grass planting ditch

▼围绕国槐打造复合的多功能草坪,Building compound multifunctional lawn around Sophora japonica

透水铺装:公园主要园路及大部分活动场地采用帕米亚孔透水混凝土作为铺地,帕米亚孔作为高透水性材料在日本已经使用多年,其透水、保水性能卓越,是市面上普通的透水材料几倍效率。高孔隙率的垫层基质保证高透水性,透水性面层与垫层构成的能够透水、滞留和渗排雨水的地面。稳定性能卓越。本项目帕米亚孔透水混凝土面积约2.5万平方米。

Permeable pavement: The park’s main roads and most of the activity sites are paved with Pamia pervious concrete. Pamia pervious concrete, as a highly permeable material, has been used in Japan for many years, with excellent water permeability, water retention performance, and the efficiency several times more than ordinary pervious materials in the market. The cushion substrate with high porosity ensures high water permeability, and the surface layer of water permeability and the cushion form a ground capable of water permeability, retention and infiltration of rainwater, with excellent stability performance. The Pamia pervious concrete area in this project is about 25,000 square meters.

▼公园主要园路及大部分活动场地采用帕米亚孔透水混凝土作为铺地,the park’s main roads and most of the activity sites are paved with Pamia pervious concrete

▼变化丰富公园主园路,The main road of the park with rich changes

▼铺地材料细部,details

 

“以商养园”打造文化地标 | To create cultural landmarks with “promoting the park with business”

从本质上讲它是社会的绿色福利项目,不应该强调它的投资回报。但考虑到公园面积较大,精细化维护的支出较重,从公园建成后较高品质的可持续维持和养护的角度出发,确实应该考虑部分收益和盈利。根据公园规范可利用3%的建设面积用于公园管理建筑的建设。这成为设计的突破口,利用这3%的面积打造具有文化特色,兼具服务功能的地标小建筑,引入稀缺的商业资源,项目1号地块的“水湾咖屋”,成功引入猫屎咖啡,加之建筑的唯美造型,一开园便成为各路网红的“打卡”圣地,每年的营收可有利补充公园的维护费用。像这样的网红地标小建筑每间隔500米就设有一处,兼顾管理、养护、公厕、休闲多重功能于一身。

▼“水湾咖屋”,“Shuiwan Coffee House”

▼广场上的矩阵榉树结合休闲座椅,Matrix beech square combines leisure seats

In essence, it is a green welfare project for the society and should not emphasize its return on investment. However, considering the large size of the park, the heavier maintenance expenditures, and the higher quality of sustainable maintenance and conservation after the completion of the park, it is indeed necessary to consider some of the benefits and profits. According to the park’s specifications, 3% of the land can be used for the construction of park management buildings, which is a breakthrough in design. Using this 3% of the area to create a small landmark building with cultural features and service functions to introduce scarce commercial resources. For example, “Shuiwan Coffee House” in the Project No. 1 plot has successfully introduced the “Kopi Luwak” and attracted a lot of people coming after its opening due to its aesthetic building shape; its annual revenue can be beneficial to supplement the maintenance cost of the park. There is a popular small building like this is set up every 500 meters, which combines management, maintenance, public toilets and recreation functions.

▼公园水湾看向咖啡厅,The bay of the park looks to the coffee shop

▼融入在绿化中的公园咖啡屋,Park coffee house integrated into

▼兼顾管理、养护、公厕、休闲多重功能于一身,combines management, maintenance, public toilets and recreation functions

▼室外座椅,outdoor seating area

▼特色林荫咖啡屋木甲板平台,Special tree shade and coffee house wooden deck platform

 

“保护利用”留住城市记忆 | To retain city memory through “protection and utilization”

基地腹地原本为过去村镇居民的菜地,1号地块内还留有原来村委办公建筑,但年久失修,早已与城市发展格格不入,院内独有的一株胸径达60的双杆国槐饱经沧桑,写满了历史。过去常有居民拿着板凳在树下纳凉攀谈。还有几株不错的水杉挺拔有形,这些都进行有针对性的保护利用,公园进行吐故纳新的同时也默默的留住这难能可贵的城市记忆。

The hinterland of the base is originally a vegetable land for the residents of the village, and the original village committee office building is still left in the No.1 plot, but disrepair for a long time and is incompatible with the development of the city; the unique double-bar Chinese scholartree with a diameter of 60cm in the courtyard of the building has seen much changes and full of history, and residents often took the bench and chatted under the tree in the past; there are also a few well-grown metasequoias, all of these have adopted targeted protection and utilization. While getting rid of the old things and introducing new things, the park also silently retain this precious city memory.

▼保护利用原有水杉,protection and utilization of the original trees

▼乔木树影融入草台阶,Trees and shadows mingle with grass steps

▼原生冠法桐与草台阶的穿插关系,The interspersed relationship between the trees and steps

▼曲线的台阶细部,Step detail of curve

 

“多重复合”打造市民广场 | To create a “multi-compound” citizen square

设计三位一体的打造(景观环境现象,环境生态绿化,大众行为心理)多重复合的市民活动广场,1号地块的入口广场成自由式开口,为市民提供一个集娱乐、锻炼、观景、休闲等活动为一体的公共空间,提升城市形象。广场除了可开展多重活动外,其变化的退台式竖向设计同时考虑过洪的需要,特定水位标高可以被洪水淹没。水下设有安全平台和警示浮标保证人的安全。此外,设计结合场地的高差变化,将儿童游乐场设计成一个探索性游戏空间,让孩子充分发挥想象力去探索趣味。

▼曲线的台阶与艺术灯杆丰富广场变化,The curved steps and artistic light poles enrich the changes of the square

To create a multi-compound citizen activity square through the trinity design (landscape environment phenomenon, environmental ecological greening, public behavior psychology). The entrance square of the No.1 plot has a free-style opening, which provides a public space integrating entertainment, exercise, viewing, recreation and other activities for citizens, and also improves the image of the city. In addition to the multiple activities that can be carried out on the square, the changeable set-back model vertical design also takes into account the need for retreating flood, and the specific water level elevation can be flooded; there are safety platforms and warning buoys under the water to ensure people’s safety. In addition, The design has taken advantage of the height differences out of the embankment and designed a playground which will encourage children to experience and explore.

▼儿童游乐场的字母拓展座椅,Children’s Playground letter seat

▼置身于魔幻色彩里儿童滑梯塔,children’s slide tower in magic color

▼儿童趣味跑道,Children’s interesting track

▼斑点触摸球,spot touch ball

 

“近水楼台”铸就生态活力水岸 | To create the ecological vitality water bank in “a favourable position”

三里河两岸的开发住宅一衣带水遥相呼应,三里河的景观承载着两岸社区的风景界面,退台式的景观层次与楼房窗台的若即若离之感形成一幅幅美丽画卷,三里河绿化关系不像“北上广深”鳞次栉比的密集楼宇充斥着水岸所形成的生硬的界面,我们有意识的拉开了绿化与建筑的距离,但同时又不影响人的亲近,三里河的景观环境强有力的拉动了周边社区的开发建设,为三里河中央商务区的土地增值保驾护航。同时不断上升的社区居民同样让三里河下游段充满了活力。

The residences on both sides of the Sanli River echo each other. The landscape of Sanli River carries the landscape interface of the communities on both banks, the sense of far away and closing of the stratification of landscapes of set-back model and building windowsills form a beautiful picture. Unlike the rigid interface formed by rows of dense buildings on the water bank in “Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen”, in the greening relationship of Sanli River, the distance between greening and building is consciously opened, but at the same time it does not affect the closeness of people. The landscape environment of Sanli River has strongly stimulated the development and construction of surrounding communities, and escorted the value of the land in the Sanli River Central Business District, and the rising community residents has also brought vitality to the lower reaches of the Sanli River.

▼生态系统示意图,Ecosystem diagram

水面形态改善:最大限度的利用现有水域资源,调整整个项目范围内的水面形态。适当扩宽水面,局部挖深河床,提高水体自净能力。岸线的重新梳理控制形成具有韵律感的滨水岸线。

Improvement of water surface pattern: To make the best use of the existing water resources to adjust the surface pattern of the whole project, and expand the water surface appropriately and dig the river bed locally, so as to improve the self-purification ability of water body. The rearrangement and control of the water front form a waterfront with a sense of rhythm.

▼景观公共空间对城市的渗透,The penetration of landscape public space into the city

▼生态水岸,Ecological water bank

▼充满生机,Full of vitality

▼细部,Details

生态岸线:生态岸线它不仅可以带来绿意感受,对净化水质,改善土壤有机成份提供环境基质。更是人们生活不可或缺的一部分。它不仅给人们提供各种休憩,野外活动的空间,而且也为野生鸟类,动物及昆虫提供生存空间。

Ecological water front: The ecological water front can bring green feelings for people, provide an environmental matrix for purifying water quality and improving soil organic components, and is an indispensable part of people’s life, not only providing people with a variety of recreation, but also providing wild birds, animals, and insects with living space.

▼生态驳岸类型剖面示意图,Section diagram of ecological revetment type

▼生态岸线不仅可以带来绿意感受,对净化水质,改善土壤有机成份也起到重要作用,The ecological water front can bring green feelings for people, provide an environmental matrix for purifying water quality and improving soil organic components

▼充满生机次级游步道,The secondary footpath full of vitality

▼生态走廊,The ecological corridor

 

结语
Conclusion

“采采流水,蓬蓬远春。窈窕深谷,时见美人。碧桃满树,风日水滨。
柳阴路曲,流莺比邻。乘之愈往,识之愈真。如将不尽,与古为新。”

这句诗出自唐代司空图的《二十四诗品·纤秾》,大自然中蕴藏的美景难以穷尽,设计的窗口从不单一,用思辨的方法不断发现新的视角,就能产生不断创新的诗境。LDG秉持“如将不尽,与古为新”的创意理念,继续推进胶州三里河公园后续地块的景观建设,望能为胶州这座城市带来诗的意境画的美景。即为胶州中央商务区的发展开辟“环境优美,资源节约”的城市序篇。

“The flashing water is bright and dazzling, and the boundless spring is full of flowers. In the secluded valley, there are beautiful girls. Peach trees are in full bloom, swaying beside the water with the breeze.
The lush willows, the curved paths, and the soft-spoken birds are constantly appearing. As you get deeper, you will feel the truth. Explore in time, never stop, you works will be as fresh as the best of the past.”

This poem comes from the Twenty-four Poem Grades · Flashy Style. The beauty hidden in nature is inexhaustible, the design method is never single, using speculative methods to continually discover new perspectives can produce a constantly innovative poetic environment. LDG adheres to the creative concept of “Explore in time, never stop, you works will be as fresh as the best of the past” to continue to promote the landscape construction of the follow-up block of Sanli River Park in Jiaozhou, hoping to bring the beautiful scenery of poetry to the Jiaozhou, namely, opening up an urban preface for the development of Central Business District in Jiaozhou in “a beautiful environment and resource conservation”.

项目名称:胶梦水韵(胶州三里河公园中央商务区段1标段)  
设计方:LDG兰斯凯普  
公司网站:www.ldgpartner.com
联系邮箱:[email protected]
项目设计 & 完成年份:2017年05月–2019年10月  
主创设计师:刘立立,戴奇宇, 何深华  
设计团队:戴奇宇, 康锦州, 吴亚宁, 陈明鑫, 贾青英, 吕万斌, 施越, 李伟, 孔令军, 杨炳仁, 黄彬辉, 蔡崇林, 唐菊敏, 杨冬梅
项目地址:青岛胶州市三里河  
项目面积:25公顷
摄影版权:LDG/康锦州, 戴奇宇, 陈红  
合作方:江苏恒绿建设工程有限公司 / 胶州正北集团  
客户:胶州市城乡建设局/青岛胶州胶东和平投资发展有限公司/胶州市规划局 
品牌:舒华体育, 日照雯斐园林, 青岛康雅建筑装饰, 青岛硕鑫装饰
主要材料:EPDM, 彩色透水混凝土, 苗木, HPC, 玻璃幕墙

More:LDG兰斯凯普。更多请至:LDG on gooood

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